IMF projects Sub-Saharan African economic growth to decline to 3.6% in 2022
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has stated that economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is expected to decline to 3.6 per cent in 2022 as against 4.7 per cent recorded in 2021.
This is according to the IMF’s latest World Economic Outlook Growth Projections Report October 2022 titled: “Countering the Cost-of-Living Crisis’’, released on Wednesday.
According to the report in Sub-Saharan Africa, the growth outlook is slightly weaker than predicted in July, with a decline from 4.7 per cent in 2021 to 3.6 per cent and 3.7 per cent in 2022 and 2023, respectively.
“A downward revision of 0.2 percentage point and 0.3 percentage point respectively.
“This weaker outlook reflects lower trading partner growth, tighter financial and monetary conditions, and a negative shift in the commodity terms of trade.’’
The report showed that growth in Nigeria is expected to decline to 3.2 per cent and 3.0 per cent in 2022 and 2023 respectively, as against 3.6 in 2021.
The report said Global growth is forecasted to slow from 6.0 per cent in 2021 to 3.2 per cent in 2022 and 2.7 per cent in 2023.
“This is the weakest growth profile since 2001 except for the global financial crisis and the acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic.
“Global economic activity is experiencing a broad-based and sharper-than-expected slowdown, with inflation higher than seen in several decades.
The cost-of-living crisis, tightening financial conditions in most regions, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and the lingering COVID-19 pandemic all weigh heavily on the outlook.
’’The report said global inflation is forecasted to rise from 4.7 per cent in 2021, to 8.8 per cent in 2022 but to decline to 6.5 per cent in 2023 and to 4.1 per cent by 2024.
“Upside inflation surprises have been most widespread among advanced economies, with greater variability in emerging market and developing economies.’’
The report said monetary policy should stay the course to restore price stability, and fiscal policy should aim to alleviate the cost-of-living pressures while maintaining a sufficiently tight stance aligned with monetary policy.
“Structural reforms can further support the fight against inflation by improving productivity and easing supply constraints, while multilateral cooperation is necessary for fast-tracking the green energy transition and preventing fragmentation. (NAN)